Here's all you need to know on the NBA’s health and safety protocols


While the NBA is attempting to restore some sense of normalcy following the derailment of the 2019-20 and 2020-21 season due to the COVID-19 pandemic, 2021-22 hasn't been without its hurdles.

The Chicago Bulls, for example, have seen three players test positive for the virus this season, and two in the past week. Coby White tested positive last Wednesday, Javonte Green last Friday and Nikola Vučević in early November.

Hours before Monday's matchup with the Denver Nuggets, DeMar DeRozan became the fourth member of the team to enter health and safety protocols, though head coach Billy Donovan said he wasn't yet sure if it was because of a positive test.

"This just transpired this afternoon, so I cannot really confirm and/or deny if it's a false positive, or is positive. I just don't know right now," Donovan said. "I think we'll be able to have maybe hopefully more news one way or another in the next day or so."

RELATED: DeMar DeRozan enters COVID-19 healthy and safety protocols

If DeRozan is positive, he could end up missing multiple games. Here is a guide to the NBA's several-step return-to-play protocol for players affected by COVID-19:

What happens if a player tests positive for COVID-19?

Once a player has a positive test for COVID-19, 10 days must pass since the first positive and at least 24 hours must have passed since a fever broke. The player must return at least two negative PCR test results from samples collected at least 24 hours apart.


Does a player have to enter isolation after a positive test?

The NBA’s protocol requires coaches, players and staff to isolate if they have been in contact with individuals that have tested positive.

What happens once a player is cleared to return?

Once a player is cleared from isolation, a cardiac screening is required for a player to return to activity. The player must rest and cannot exercise for at least 10 days from the first onset of symptoms.

There is an observation process for players to return to game play.

If a player shows severe symptoms, they must be observed for a minimum of three days before being cleared to return to competition by the team’s consulting cardiologist.

If a player shows moderate symptoms, they must be observed for a minimum of two days before being cleared to return to competition by the team’s consulting cardiologist, and if they show little to no symptoms, a player can return to competition once they are cleared from isolation by a team and league doctor.

Is the protocol the same for a vaccinated player?

Entering the 2021-22 season, one of the biggest storylines was how players felt about being vaccinated against COVID-19. It was reported that 97 percent of NBA players have been vaccinated, including a group of players who have received at least their first shot. While the NBA has not mandated players to be vaccinated, local guidelines may prevent a player from playing in their home arena. Brooklyn Nets guard Kyrie Irving, who is unvaccinated, cannot play home games due to New York City's COVID-19 vaccination regulations, and he won't join the team until he's fully eligible to play.

Unvaccinated players must remain at their residences while at home and remain in their hotels while on the road. Vaccinated players will not have to deal with such tight restrictions. They will not have to undergo daily testing and will only be tested when they are symptomatic or found to be a close contact of someone who tests positive for COVID-19 or if required by a medical professional. Unvaccinated players will be required to quarantine for seven days if they are a close contact.


If a vaccinated player is a close contact they will not have to quarantine but are subject to daily rapid testing for seven days. They can still access team facilities, participate in team functions and interact with other players as long as they exhibit no symptoms, test negative and follow all the team's safety measures.

Will unvaccinated players lose money for games they are forced to miss?

The league and players association have come to an agreement that an unvaccinated player who misses a game due to a local vaccine mandate will be docked 1/91.6th of his salary.

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